Park Ranger and the Many Hats of the Park Ranger in the Criminal Justice Field

Park rangers are nature lovers by nature. They enjoy being and working outside. Perhaps it is the fresh air that they enjoy so much. Or, it is the wide open space. It could also be the interaction with the park visitors or all of the above.

Whatever it is that drives someone to the park ranger profession, one thing is for sure, they must also enjoy wearing many hats. This is because park rangers get involved in so many things in the course of doing their job. In this article, I will discuss the many hats a park ranger could wear in discharging his or her duties.

In no particular order of importance, they are:

1. The park ranger could be called to wear the hat of a law enforcement officer. This will mean ticketing or arresting a park visitor.

You see, just as in anywhere else in life, the law can be broken in the park. For example, a park visitor can indulge in too much alcohol consumption in the cause of enjoying what the park has to offer. And we know what too much alcohol consumption can lead to. This person can become unruly or abusive to other park visitors.

In this case, it is the job of the park ranger to arrest or evict the person from the park. The failure of the park ranger to do this, could lead to dangerous situations. One of them could be somebody getting killed or seriously injured.

2. The park ranger could be called upon to control forest fire. Forest fire can be devastating. Families have lost their homes and valuables because of forest fire. Add to this the loss of wildlife. Then, you begin to understand why it is important to control forest fire.

Park rangers are one of the government agencies entrusted with controlling forest fire. They must watch park visitors to make sure they don’t start fires that can rage out of hand. Something as simple as throwing a cigarette butt out can start a forest fire. While ordinary park visitors may not know this, park rangers know this too well. So they must educate and watch park visitors to keep this from happening.

3. The park ranger could be called to wear the hat of a search and rescue person. It is quite easy for park visitors to wander too far from other people. This is especially so for children. They can easily stray too far from their family and not be able to find their way back. In this case, the park ranger must help locate them before something harmful happens to them.

Another thing that also easily gets lost in the park is animals. Dogs and cats are perfect examples. One minute they could be with their owners, the next minute they could run too far into the woods. Here again, the ranger must come to the rescue.

The park ranger does indeed wear many hats. I have only scratched the surface. If you are interested in the park ranger career, I encourage you to do more research on what you will be doing on the job. This way, you will have no surprises after you get into the profession. You can do so by visiting websites which cover the park ranger career in more detail.

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Why I Like The Term Counselor At Law

The term counselor-at-law is more in keeping with high goals and ambitions than the term lawyer. Counselor elicits an image of one who has deep knowledge–who dutifully informs and offers insight into critical matters of the mind and heart. A counselor is a person who guides others–a confidant and a pathfinder, and law firms would be wise to find ways to show their clients that they are counselors as well as lawyers.

Creating a change in image does not mean rejecting traditions that have contributed to a firm’s past success. We must be careful not to toss out the proverbial baby with the bathwater. We should not take for granted the hard-won wisdom of the old traditions. The process of reinventing tradition need not always be at the expense of the past.

Progress is being made in the legal profession. Today, the art of mediation is being taught to lawyers in record numbers. Lawyers are seeing the value of keeping clients out of court and even experimenting with new methods of managing conflict resolution–sometimes on their own, but usually with the help of trained mediators.

Although the practice is still rare, lawyers are increasingly taking it upon themselves to meet with opposing counsel and discuss pathways to resolution for their respective clients.

Lawyers are beginning to see themselves as expert negotiators–as facilitators who are skilled at managing conflict proactively and helping parties to achieve mutual gain. This type of “counselor-to-counselor” mediation may be the beginning of a new -tradition–one in which using the term counselor-at-law seems more appropriate.

“Counselors” are still advocates who must vigorously serve their clients’ will in an adversarial forum. Yet we must remember that in days gone by, the court was considered a forum of truly last resort. Going to court often represented the failure of parties to resolve a dispute between themselves. The prospect of having strangers sit in judgment of one’s personal affairs was considered embarrassing. It meant that the parties were not able to handle their affairs responsibly on their own but needed outside help.

Although some lawyers are turning to negotiation rather than lawsuits, legal education has not kept pace with the profound need to teach client communication skills to law students. Many law schools do not offer courses in management and leadership, negotiation and alternative dispute resolution or, in a more general context, how to serve clients well. Less than 3 percent of the law schools in this country offer even a single course on client communication skills, negotiation or even alternative dispute -resolution.

Blind Advocacy

Law schools still believe that their role is to prepare students to become warriors; rarely are students taught that they may also be agents of resolution. To legal educators, the term advocate has traditionally been defined within the singular context of litigation. Lawyers, however, can also be advocates when they work toward resolution and finding ways to better serve their clients.

It is no surprise that law school graduates go on to become paper soldiers in a world filled with adversaries. The plaintiff is adverse to the defendant; the defendant is adverse to the plaintiff. Students are even taught how to protect themselves against their own clients. We lawyers measure ourselves by the number of wins we post, not by how skillfully we serve our clients’ interests.

Lawyers are steeped in their adversarial domain, and this tradition is hard to change. Too often we see our roles as extensions of our clients’ anger and frustration. We are like professional gladiators, wielding sword and shield, blazing a path to justice at almost any cost–even if we end up adding fuel to the fire and assuming greater levels of risk for our clients.

For new law-school graduates, the adversarial system must seem like a giant game station with its own set of rules–checks and balances. Each side is given equal access and the opportunity to use whatever traps and tricks they wish, with the assumption that in the end, justice will prevail. Students begin to think of themselves as hired guns–paid to win, but not necessarily paid to serve.

Today, trial advocacy is probably the single most popular elective taken in law school. Schools send their best and brightest students to compete nationally in the art of trial advocacy. Yet there is no national competition for serving clients well or negotiating and resolving difficult conflicts. At this time we can only imagine a competition where students win points for formulating creative strategies in negotiating a settlement or for demonstrating calm and reason at the negotiation table.

There’s no doubt that going to battle releases more adrenaline than providing service. But does teaching our law-school students only one way of problem solving really provide them with a complete view of their future roles as lawyers and counselors?

Negotiating a case to settlement is not always the answer–there are legitimate reasons to settle matters in a courtroom rather than a mediator’s office. Nonjudicial resolution may be impossible when the parties rightfully and legitimately want to have their day in court. Under these circumstances, what is the lawyer’s role in the context of being a service-driven counselor?

The lawyer, as counselor, helps clients to identify and clarify priorities and to distinguish anger from reason. The lawyer makes sure that a client’s decision to fight comes from a clear head and, if possible, that it is an unambiguous choice. In this counseling role, the lawyer helps a client to make a considered, thoughtful decision, born of free will, after all of the options have been explored and after all the costs and risks have been examined. Finally, when it is time for trial, the advocate skillfully and masterfully gives voice to and goes to battle for the client’s cause.

How to Achieve a Good Lawyer-Client Relationship

In courting clients, a good rainmaker discovers the nature of a potential client’s business and the specific challenges the person faces. When appropriate, the lawyer also learns as much as possible about the client personally.

This high level of commitment is the essence of being a fiduciary, and it does not end when the prospect becomes a client. Instead, taking on a new client must mark the beginning of a committed and conscious effort to serve.

For most lawyers, learning how to serve requires specific skill development and training. It requires learning the arts of listening and asking questions. These are the most undervalued and overlooked skills in the legal profession today. Law firms usually balk at investing in the education and professional development of their associates, and mentoring is often limited to developing legal skills, but developing communication and character skills should be at least equally as important.

Learning how to serve clients, especially for young associates, should not be a hit-and-miss process. Firms must take an active and determined stand regarding developing and sustaining a high level of communication skills throughout the firm. Promoting these skills should be as important as developing an associate’s writing skills.

What Does It Mean for Clients to Count on Their Lawyers?

Action that arises from character is authentic and, therefore, predictable. Clients should find that their lawyers can be counted on under almost any circumstances. Lawyers who can be counted on to be responsible, attentive, caring, sensible, honest, hardworking and trustworthy will attract new clients and keep existing ones.

Developing a law firm driven by such inspired values will create growth and prosperity. These values cannot be imposed from the outside and cannot simply be words in the firm’s brochure–they must originate at the core of the firm and grow outward. This is the essence of great marketing.

Justifying our hourly rates should have more to do with the service we deliver than the prevailing rate of the marketplace. The value of an extraordinary counselor–a trusted friend–is greater than one can imagine, and clients expect to pay more for such service. This is why, in the long run, no investment will bear greater returns than the investment firms make in marketing programs that reach into the essence of a firm and build service development systems that clients want and value.

It’s not too late. Signs of new traditions and new ways of looking at service-driven marketing are already upon us from places you might not expect. I speak of leading firms, giants in their own ways of doing business that are ever intent on reaching new levels of service for their clients.

Swinging Out: Keeping Our Eyes on the Ball

It’s said that those who dream most, do most. Dreams resides in our imagination and come to life in the choices and actions we take. The extent to which our dreams are realized depends on our willingness to consider new approaches and employ new ideas. Marketing, when done well, draws upon both.

The law firm of Heller Ehrman not only understands this concept, but has also applied it with great success. It has chosen to lead, and its own branding makes clear that it is a different type of firm. The ad copy below comes from a full-page advertisement about the firm. Listen for the inherent truth in their words:

“Perhaps a law firm need not exist inside the legal-sized parameters of tradition. Maybe it lies outside of convention. Maybe it crosses lines of formality. Maybe it recognizes a need to overstep the expected. And quite possibly, it realizes that inspired acts of tenacity and imagination are the only way boundaries get pushed.”

Consider that just five years ago, maybe less, a nationally recognized law firm would never have dared to print such statements. Today, however, these words are part of what defines this firm.

Daring to swing out–to take a chance by doing things differently–takes both courage and faith in a profession where convention rules: courage to face the consequences of our choices, and faith that whatever life throws at us will only strengthen our resolve. In this sense, faith and courage are inextricably tied together.

It takes great courage to keep seeing. The problem with looking away is that it requires that we take our eye off the ball–if only for a moment. We would rather not face the personal disappointment of knowing that we settled for less in our professional lives–that we could have gone much further had we dared to really swing out–had we had the courage to look inside and ask what it was that we really wanted and what it would take to get it.

Marketing ourselves is much more than promotion. It involves a search for professional identity. It must necessarily include, for each of us, an inquiry into our personal identity and then into the collective identity of the firm.

A concept such as finding our personal and collective identities may not be what you’d expect from an article on law firm marketing–but it goes to the essence of how we really attract and keep new clients. Changing the way you market your firm will require a willingness to change your perceptions, leave the comfort of your domain and dare to imagine how things might be. Your new vision will be the catalyst for your success. It will align your firm with its highest values and distinguish it from other firms.

This strategy goes far beyond the conventional approach to marketing. It is based on strength of character, and the marketing that emerges from character will continually generate powerful opportunities for your firm. If you dare to consider what it might mean to find your unique voice as a professional and your own special brand of service, you will be infinitely rewarded. Who would think that law firm marketing could lead to such extraordinary insight.

Criminal Justice Degree Online: The Many Options to a Lucrative Career

There are many colleges that do offer the criminal justice degree online program. It is important to ensure that the college that you want to enroll in has been accredited. This will ensure that your certificate is internationally recognized. You therefore won’t have any problems convincing potential employers of the authenticity of your certificate. There are many ways in which you can check whether your college has been accredited. For instance; you can perform a quick internet search. There are many websites that list the accredited colleges.

Online degrees are very popular these days due to a number of factors. One of such factors is that such degrees are cheaper as compared to the offline programs. One can get a degree at a fraction of the cost of a normal college. You will not have to pay for such expenses as room,board,hostel and rental fees. Such expenses can be very high especially if there are children and dependents that are involved. You can thus use the saved money to cater for other essential expenses. The other reason that such degrees are every popular is that they offer one a lot of flexibility. You will get to set your own timetable and schedule as opposed to the normal college setting where the timetable is set by the dean or the college administration. In this way, you can easily balance between the various roles and duties.

You will however still be bounded by certain requirements. For instance, you will have to get a set minimum grade in each of the credits that you have signed up for. This will ensure that you get a set GPA and hence graduate with enough skills and knowledge. This flexibility will also ensure that you study as you work. In this way, you will not forfeit your income even as you study. One of the main reasons that many people do not pursue advanced degrees is that they are not prepared to lose their income once they start study. Only a handful of people are able to self finance their education,many do have to seek loans. They then spend years repaying such loans. A few students are lucky in that they get full scholarships in order to pursue their degrees. However;such students are few and far between.

Some companies also do sponsor their staff to pursue advanced degrees. Public sector workers may be lucky as many governments do invest in continuous retraining of their employees. Some international students also find the online degrees to be very appropriate. They are able to obtain international qualifications from the comfort of their homes. Such students do not wish to travel abroad and hence begin life afresh. One of the reasons for such is that they do not want to move abroad and have to start life afresh. They do not want to start learning a new way of life and culture. Such students do get international qualifications from reputable colleges abroad. They are thus able to compete for jobs locally and internationally.

There are many colleges that do offer the criminal justice degree online program. It is important to ensure that the college that you want to enroll in has been accredited. This will ensure that your certificate is internationally recognized. You therefore won’t have any problems convincing potential employers of the authenticity of your certificate. There are many ways in which you can check whether your college has been accredited. For instance;you can perform a quick internet search. There are many websites that list the accredited colleges. You can also visit the local education authority office and find out if the college in the vicinity has been accredited.

The requirement for joining a criminal justice degree online program varies from college to college. However, many do require a high school diploma or a Etc. There are many career paths that you can take once you have graduated with a criminal justice degree. A degree in criminal justice usually prepares you to get entry level jobs in such areas as law enforcement, probation, corrections, immigration, security,homeland security, forensics etc. As essence, a criminal justice degree will give you a firm understanding of the criminal justice system in the United States. It will also give you a thorough understanding of the behavioral sciences. You will thus become a better forensic scientist, law office assistant,social worker, probation officer, parole official, corrections official etc.

Guidelines For Choosing an Online Criminal Justice Program

It does not matter whether you are fresh out of high school, trying to look for a higher position within your present career, looking for a change in your career path or you simply wish to obtain a higher level of education in your life, You have plenty of education opportunities available to you to pursue your dreams and one of the best way to do this is through online learning. However, before you start head on with this type of education, you should know a little more about this type of opportunity. Comparing the pros and cons of online learning will let you observe that it is almost similar to those for most schools. Figuring out what will be the best for you based on your personal priorities and even circumstances should be the first thing in your mind. If you always prefer face-to-face contact with your instructors to further expand your educational experience, you might not want to go a larger school or university. In this case, online learning is not suited for you, as the most contact you have with instructors and classmates is through e-mail or discussion boards. On the other hand, this lack of interaction might be of more interest to you, if you are the type of student who might be wary of first impressions or biases in class. Of course, teachers, professors and instructors are also humans, just like the rest of the population in the world. Nobody is perfect, as the saying goes. We all have our own inherent flaw that causes us to unintentionally produce biases towards people within the first time of interacting with them. Physical interaction will be pretty limited in these kind of environment, therefore, most if not all of these kinds of behaviors is limited or will not exist. This will help persons with this kind of attitude to focus on studying than interacting with his peers. Thus, the flow on information will be sterile and it will not provide an impression of a boring lecture or a teacher you do not like.

Attending online schools or programs will provide flexibility for you. It will allow you to study at your own pace without any pressure, and at whatever time of the day you would prefer the most. You can have your own breaks whenever you need them, attend to other important chores or even commitments if need arises. It is something that traditional learning will not allow you based on its nature. However, it also has its own disadvantages. In online learning, you have to manage your own time so that you can get the most out of your online learning experience, you even have to budget a set amount of time each day or week in order to get everything done, and it will force yourself to stick to that schedule as day goes by. Moreover, there might be unwanted interruptions if you are trying to learn at home that might not exist in a traditional setting. If you would feel that it cannot be helped, then online schooling is not for you, because its flexibility might be more of a disadvantage rather than an advantage.

Getting back to the topic, comparing or choosing the right online colleges or programs that you will be attending to is way different than choosing traditional colleges. When looking for traditional colleges, it will help to visit the campus that you are eyeing and take a tour or even talk to its students. It will help you in deciding which college to attend. Such is not a case when looking for prospective online colleges. However, researching and asking questions online will help you evaluate and decide which online school to attend to. What is your goal for studying? What will be your goal once you graduate? What type of online school you are looking for? What type of program or course are you planning to have? What are your learning needs? What type of schedule will suit you? These are the important questions you should consider when looking for the perfect online school and program for you. It will be the key to help you out in researching and getting information online.

As for choosing an Online Criminal Justice School that will best suit your needs and your goals in life, it would be best to start with choosing the appropriate online school, choosing the right distance learning program comes next. One of the basic things you should consider to help you save your time and energy learning about each school is to make sure that the colleges you are considering are accredited by one of the six regional accreditation agencies recognized by the US Department of Education of CHEA. This way, it will not waste your time considering unaccredited institutions where you might just waste your time and money and not even receive a real college degree. Once you have narrowed your searching pool down to all the legitimate schools to be considered, you need to establish your own set of criteria to find out what are the important things that you are looking for in a school. You should consider its affordability if you are stick on setting a budget, and if the school has the program in the field that you want to go to. If it meets your criteria, you should also consider if the school has the classes with complete flexibility, or if you have to participate in online discussions at some point of time. It is very important if the online criminal justice school that you are considering will fit your personal needs and you have to make sure that you will base on your own criteria to get the most out of the school that you are considering. You may want to consider or evaluate a school by its instructors and their qualifications. When you have a good list of these online criminal justice schools, doing your background research will be of great importance. It will make all the difference. Try going to message boards, websites, and even blogs about the schools on your list. Even though the information that you will get might be somewhat biased to promote their school, you will at least get a better idea of what their school programs are like, and what others state to be the schools’ pros and cons.

Once you decided which online criminal school you are going to attend to, the next thing would be choosing the program that will not only fit your needs, but the one that will most likely be your personal goal. You have to make sure that you will not only need that type of program, you should also consider whether you really want it to be your stepping stone in your career path. Online degrees in criminal justice have a good number of programs and specialties to choose from such as law enforcement, crime scene investigation, corrections and forensic psychology, security, and more. First will be Computer Security, and under its set of programs will include Organizational Security, Computer Forensics, Cyber Crime, Cyber Security, and more. For Corrections, there will be Corrections for women and juvenile corrections. For Forensics, there are Forensic Nursing, Forensic Psychology, Computer Forensics and other programs related to its field. Justice and Security, For Private Security and Safety, there are programs like Private Security, Public Safety Administration, Disaster Preparedness and Crisis Management. Next will be the Law Enforcement, Policing & Investigation course, which includes Law Enforcement, Fraud Examination, Policing and Criminal Investigations under its wing. As for Homeland Security, there are Homeland Security program itself and Homeland Security Administration as well. For Criminal Justice in general, it includes Criminal Justice, Fraud Examination, Global Issues, Law, Justice Administration, Public Administration, and more. And as for Crime Scene, there are programs such as Crime Analysis and Crime Scene Investigation. You have to identify which program will be suited for your needs and your wants, and then identify the field that you want to specialized yourself with.

In terms of funding, online universities tend to be cheaper than their traditional counterparts. They are a lot of scholarships and funding for criminal justice programs, grants and loans are also available, and typically worth it! You are investing in your future!

While there are many learning opportunities available online that will help you in earning a certificate and increasing your skills, there are a good number of opportunities that can simply help you enrich your personal experience. Some only pursue online education for the joy of learning, some set it as their personal goal in life. There is no such thing called as limit if you want to enrich your life or if you want to pursue your education. Thus, whether you are pursuing a degree or a training certificate, or if you only want to gain personal enrichment, it does not take thousands of dollars or even hours out of your life. Do not even hesitate to take the first great step to getting a good education. Who knows, it might be your stepping stone to success!

Alafair Burke – Close Case, Third Samantha Kincaid Crime Novel, A Journey Inside the Justice System

Author Alafair Burke, former deputy district attorney in Portland, Oregon, and criminal law professor at Hofstra University, Long Island, NY, reveals the inner workings of the Justice system in Portland, Oregon, in her series of novels with heroine ADA Samantha Kincaid.

Truthfully, I picked up her first crime novel, Judgement Calls, when I saw her name on the cover, a name made famous by her father’s, James Lee Burke, invented adopted daughter in his best-selling series of Dave Robicheaux crime novels based in New Orleans and Southwest Louisiana.

Alafair doesn’t disappoint, her books are unique. She takes you inside a world she knows very well, the Portland, Oregon, justice system. In this Close Case, the obvious, usual suspects are all the wrong ones even the less-than-innocent ones that confess.

Conflicts of interest in the personal and professional relations between heroine Assistant District Attorney Samantha Kincaid and her boyfriend, a Portland police detective, complicate investigations into the murder of a popular newspaper reporter.

More die before the insidious tentacles of corruption that extend into the police department can be shut down by the efforts of Samantha and the Internal Affairs Division.

If you like crime or mystery series, you’ll like Alafair’s books. She just keeps getting better. Though she writes in the first person her books are different than her father’s books. I eagerly await her next book, Dead Connection, coming out Summer 2007.

You can find her books, including her first Judgement Calls and her second Missing Justice with news of her upcoming book on her website with links to your favorite stores, at =>Alafair Burke